Gum disease or gingivitis is an oral condition that leads to the inflammation of the gums, and is caused by oral bacteria (also known as plaque) adhering to tooth surfaces. If your mouth has begun displaying the signs of gingivitis—swollen gums; gums that are painful or tender; gums that bleed during brushing and/or flossing—then you’ll need to visit an experienced Downers Grove dentist for treatment. Without proper treatment, the inflammation along the gum line could infect connective tissue and bone, leading to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a severe kind of inflammatory disease that affects the tissues that support and surround the teeth. By this stage, the inner layer of an individual’s gums and alveolar bone will begin pulling away from the teeth, creating empty pockets that easily gather debris. This in turn will lead to a severe infection that the individual’s immune system will have a hard time fighting.
Causes of Gum Disease
While bad habits like smoking and poor oral hygiene, as well as diseases like diabetes and HIV, can lead to gum disease, hormonal changes during pregnancy can also cause the gum tissues to overreact to plaque. An increase in estrogen and progesterone is responsible for these oral health changes in pregnant women. Expectant mothers are advised to consult dentists like Dr. Ronald Schefdore for proper diagnosis and treatment.
According to an article published by WebMD, even if individuals don’t notice any symptoms, they could still suffer from this oral condition. Only trained dentists and periodontists can recognize the signs of gum disease. The article gives us some information about diagnosing gum disease:
During a dental exam, your dentist typically checks for these things:
- Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth (the space between the gum and tooth; the larger and deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease)
- Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment
- Your jawbone, to help detect the breakdown of bone surrounding your teeth
While dental professionals apply various means of treating their patients’ gum disease, the main goal of these treatments is to promote the reattachment of the gums to the teeth to prevent pockets from forming. Dentists in Downers Grove, IL may also administer state-of-the-art non -surgical techniques via laser. Lasers can treat diseased tissues without cutting or bleeding, and disinfects the diseased area. At the end of the day, practicing proper oral hygiene is the best way to prevent gum disease.
(Article Excerpt and Image from Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease); WebMD)